The Augustan Age is the period between 27BCE and 14CE when the Emperor Augustus ruled the Roman Empire. It was discussed on In Our Time (in 2009) by Catharine Edwards (Birkbeck College, University of London), Duncan Kennedy (University of Bristol) and Mary Beard (Cambridge University). They were primarily considering the politics and arts of the Emperor Augustus's reign and how these were linked.
Spartacus was not just the subject of a famous film, but also a real life gladiator in the 1st Century BC who successfully escaped and orchestrated a slave rebellion in Italy. He had some success for a couple of years before being killed by Crassus, and his rebellion was put down. Talking about it on In Our Time were Mary Beard (University of Cambridge), Maria Wyke (University College, London) and Theresa Urbainczyk (University College, Dublin).
The last episode of She Wolves: England's Early Queens covered the three Tudor Queens. Castor started by giving us a bit of context - when Henry VIII died his son Edward succeeded him, at the age of 9. Edward took ill & died at the age of only 15, before he'd had a chance to produce an heir. Which was a problem, as that meant there were no legitimate male heirs and England would have to be ruled by a Queen.
The primary founding myth of Rome is the story of Romulus and Remus, which we know from written sources from the 1st Century BC. It's clear that the story is older than that, but opinions differ as to how old it is. The three experts who talked about the myth & it's origins on In Our Time were Mary Beard (University of Cambridge), Peter Wiseman (University of Exeter) and Tim Cornell (University of Manchester).